Between 1933 and 1945, the National Socialist regime controlled artistic creation in Germany. In particular, artists who were persecuted because of their religion, their origin or their political views fled from the state threats into emigration.
But what happened to those who remained in the country? Isolation, a lack of audience, and a lack of exchange characterized the work of those who were deprived of the basis of their work and livelihood under National Socialism. Their situation is often described sweepingly as "ostracization" or "inner emigration." In view of the complex and contradictory personal circumstances, however, these terms fall short.
In the comprehensive overview exhibition "ART FOR NO ONE. 1933-1945," the Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt uses 14 selected biographies to show the different strategies and scope of action used by artists who did not seek or find affiliation with the Nazi regime. The exhibition does not define a uniform stylistic development, but rather illuminates the contradictions of this period with individual case studies and around 140 paintings, sculptures, drawings, and photographs. Participating artists are Willi Baumeister, Otto Dix, Hans Grundig, Lea Grundig, Werner Heldt, Hannah Höch, Marta Hoepffner, Karl Hofer, Edmund Kesting, Jeanne Mammen, Ernst Wilhelm Nay, Franz Radziwill, Hans Uhlmann and Fritz Winter.