Roederstein was one of the outstanding female artists of the time around 1900. As a freelance portrait painter, she asserted herself in the male-dominated art world and confidently defied the prevailing social norms.
Her multifaceted oeuvre reflects numerous modernist tendencies: from academic art to experiments with Old Master tempera painting to Impressionist, Symbolist, and Neo-Saxon stylistic elements. Roederstein's work cannot be separated from the history of the Städel Museum and the city of Frankfurt. Her own works found their way into the Städel Collection during her lifetime, and only a few meters lay between her studio in the Städelschule and the museum.